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A proper care and maintenance procedure will keep an autoclave in good condition and allow it to provide the highest standard of sterilization. The simple basic steps of running the autoclave and the understanding of how it sterilizes using the steam can go a long way to ensuring an autoclave functions to its optimum. These steps are discussed in this article.

Autoclaves and Sterilizers - Operational Steps In Using And Maintaining An Autoclave

Autoclaves and Sterilizers - Operational Steps In Using And Maintaining An AutoclaveIn order to provide the highest standards in infection control, a perfectly maintained autoclave or sterilizer is of utmost improtance.While most surgical instruments nowadays are manufactured from stainless steel, care and attention is still required to enable the instruments to provide better services and to ensure that they remain in the best condition even after a prolonged period of use.Here are some simple but important operational steps to be followed to ensure your steam autoclave works to the desired purpose and to ensure they would be well maintained.Instruments to be autoclaved are to be done so in distilled water, tap water or soft ware as hard water have the tendency to leave behind deposits on the instruments, and affect the joints of the instruments, often making them stiff.After the instruments are used, clean and decontaminate all instruments in cold or lukewarm water. The primary purpose of doing so is to ensure that the instruments do not become stained and so that the joints do not become stiff.Generally, put the instruments that are to be sterilized into the dressing drum of the autoclave, making sure that the holes of the dressing drum are opened to allow the steam to enter the dressing drum and reach the instruments to be sterilized, and place the drum into the autoclave.After placing the lid on the container, tighten the lid by opposite locking nuts.As soon as the pressure gauge shows a pressure of 2lbs, allow the enclosed air to escape by opening the air exhaust valve.As the pressure reaches to about 15 lbs or the equivalent of 1.05 kgf per square cm, the main safety valve will automatically come into operation and start blowing off excess steam maintaining pressure of 15 lbs inside the autoclave.To open the container, apply some firm force by holding the lid handle and turn it towards the right, till both the arrow marks on the lid and container co-incide. Then lift and remove the lid using the lifting handle.When unloading an autoclave, it is a good idea to open the door and wait 10 minutes in order to assure proper evaporation and drying before removing the cart.The most frequent reason for sterilization failure is lack of contact between the steam and the germs that you are trying to kill.Air usually moves to the bottom of the autoclave because it is heavier than steam and is then forced out through the drain.It is essential that packs are placed on their sides to make sure that the air is not trapped and cannot escape.It is also easier for the air to be forced downwards between the packs than to go through the many layers of packs that have been placed flat.By operating the autoclave using an operational checklist, and by maintaining an operational log, it is possible to reduce human errors of operation and to troubleshoot difficulties that arise during operation. Where it is a health service such as a hospital that requires sterilization service, a Central Supplies And Stores Department or CSSD manned by qualified and experienced CSSD technicians and nurses will be necessary to enable the highest standard of health care and to ensure the surgical instruments and supplies are well sterilized, enabling the autoclaves to have the optimum lifespan of service as they are well taken care of and maintained.

Zinc, And It's Effect On Acne

Zinc, And It

There are many different vitamins with which a vitamin deficiency of them can lead to acne problems. One such vitamin is Zinc. Zinc is one of the most important vitamins when attempting to fight and prevent acne due to its many uses and how important it is to the body and the skin. A vitamin deficiency in Zinc alone can cause acne breakouts and therefore maintaining healthy amounts of Zinc in one's everyday diet is very important for those looking to either combat their current acne problem or to help prevent a future one.Zinc acts as an antioxidant and this is one primary reason why it is so helpful against acne. Antioxidants help to clear the body of toxins and free radicals. These can cause various problems in different areas of the body, and in the skin these can lead to pimples and acne breakouts. Keeping the skin, the largest organ in the body, clear is only too important. Zinc helps to keep the skin clear and healthy and prevent the build-up of these toxins and free radicals, therefore being proactive and helping to prevent acne breakouts altogether.Zinc is also proactive in the way that it regulates the oil glands. Although what exactly causes pimples is not known, it is known that the sebum excreted from the oil glands plays a big part in the formation of the pimples. Proper oil regulation can lead to fewer and smaller pimples and helps to prevent them from spreading once they do occur. The advantage here is clear and shows why Zinc can help to stop acne before it starts.Once acne has occurred, Zinc is extremely important due to it being involved in healing tissue and preventing scarring. Those nasty acne scars that result from acne can be healed and prevented when proper amounts of Zinc are present in the body. Acne causes numerous problems and damages the skin in many ways and Zinc helps to heal this damage and keep the scarring to a minimal level.Zinc also promotes a healthy immune system and helps in the healing of wounds, to top it off. A healthy immune system also lends a hand to preventing acne and Zinc helps to maintain that healthy immune system in a variety of ways. This is just icing on the cake for those who decide to take Zinc to help with their acne since taking Zinc will also make their immune systems that much healthier and perform that much better.As is readily seen, the advantages of Zinc in the body, both in how it is necessary to fight and prevent acne and due to it being active in maintaining a healthy immune system, are numerous. A Zinc deficiency can be a leading cause of acne and therefore it is necessary for anyone looking to prevent future acne breakouts to look to consume healthy amounts of Zinc each and every day.

Womens Health Advice: Five Powerful Anti-aging Tips

Womens Health Advice: Five Powerful Anti-aging Tips

Years ago, the word "anti aging" seemed to come only from science fiction movies. People joked about the Fountain of Youth and miracle medicines that were supposed to reverse the aging process to make one look 10 or 20 years younger. But today, anti-aging is more than a myth. Through scientific studies and the new cutting edge science in genomics, women are discovering that, by taking just a few steps, skin beauty and bodily cell health can indeed be encouraged. Here are five powerful anti aging tips for good women's health.1. Check Your LifestyleA lifestyle filled with health-threatening habits can be detrimental to your skin's health and beauty. Smoking, drinking alcoholic beverages in excess, eating poorly or overeating, sunbathing, etc. all can speed up the aging process. Even taking anti-aging supplements may not help if you continue to do these things regularly. Remember, just as your bodily organs are affected by everything you eat or drink, so are your skin cells.2. Eat for Good Skin HealthGood women's health starts with eating healthy foods. Be sure to eat balanced meals with an abundance of leafy green vegetables and fruits. Eat protein-rich foods such as nuts or eggs to maintain good bone and joint health. Healthy eating and weight loss are both major contributors to good women's health as well as beauty for the skin. The anti-aging process is much easier when you provide your body with the nutrients and vitamins it needs to repair cell damage and build healthy new cells on a daily basis.3. Drink WaterThe diet programs always cry aloud, "Drink water!" That's because there are so many benefits to drinking water. Water is needed to help the body function properly, inside and out. Water brings life to all your body parts - and your skin as well. It brightens your complexion, helps rejuvenate skin cells to promote anti aging, and adds moisture to your body. You'll be a well-oiled machine if you can commit to drinking plenty of water daily. Water is probably the most readily available anti-aging product you can get your hands on! So, replace those sodas (and diet sodas) with a healthy dose of water.4. Stay in ShapeStaying in shape with exercise will also help with the anti-aging battle. Exercise encourages good bone and "joint health" and helps with the flow of blood through your body. That's why many people say that exercise "gets your blood pumping!" The blood carries oxygen with it through your body, which is necessary for good overall health.5. Use Anti-aging Supplements and CreamsThrough the cutting edge science of genomics, anti-aging products are now being developed to aid in cell rejuvenation, which is needed for slowing down the aging process. Genomics is the study of the complete DNA makeup of organisms. The recent discovery that is crucial to those interested in anti-aging products is that the repair of cells and the creation of healthy, strong cells is a major key to slowing the aging process. The new anti-aging products are all-natural and come in pills, creams or patches. Anti-aging products based on genomics help to provide the right amount of ingredients (vitamins and nutrients) needed by the body to repair cells and build new, healthy cells.These five tips combined can help maximize the results for your anti-aging efforts. You'll feel and look better than ever as you pass through the stages of life.

Cheap Contact Lenses - Buy Online and Save

Cheap Contact Lenses - Buy Online and Save

The FTC reports that access to online contact lens retailers provides consumers with greater choice and greater savings on contact lenses. With over 36 million Americans now wearing "contact lenses" , the FTC continues to fight for the rights of consumers in accessing cheap contact lenses offered by online contact lens distributors.
In the United States, sales of contact lenses are over $1 billion dollars annually. The past few years have witnessed an explosive growth of online contact lens retailers, and other channels of distribution, offering consumers greater selection and lower prices when purchasing contact lenses. The FTC has played a central role in breaking down anti-competitive barriers in the sale of contact lenses that serve to restrict consumer choice and raise lens prices.
Online contact lens retailers are in a unique position to bring consumers cheaper contact lenses. With the entire globe as their marketplace, thanks to the worldwide reach of the Internet, they are able to purchase massive quantities of brand name replacement contact lenses. The sheer volume of lenses purchased provides them with an excellent price advantage from brand name contact lens manufacturers. Couple this fact with their ability to operate very low priced Internet storefronts, they benefit from low operating expenses, while being able to buy huge volume. The end result, in simple terms, is that their ability to pass on savings to their consumers is limited only by their desire to make profits.
Over the past few years, the FTC has been active in promoting the ability of non-traditional contact lens sellers to operate in an open, competitive market. A March 2004 FTC report points out that "non-traditional contact lens sellers, such as Internet providers, represent a unique alternative distribution channel and offer some consumers a combination of price and convenience that they value highly". Thanks to recent legislation brought into effect with the help of the FTC and other consumer groups, the ability of consumers to purchase "cheap contact lenses" online is becoming easier.
Important among these legislative changes is the Ophthalmic Practices Rule and the Fairness to Contact Lens Consumers Act (The Contact Lens Rule).
The Ophthalmic Practices Rule requires ophthalmologists and optometrists to provide their patients with a copy of their eyeglass prescription at no added cost after the completion of an eye examination. This was a very important development that helped pave the way for the Fairness to Contact Lens Consumers Act.
The Fairness to Contact Lens Consumers Act, enacted by Congress in 2003, requires that eye care practitioners provide their patients with a copy of their contact lens prescription at no added charge upon the completion of a lens fitting. In the past, cheapest contact lenses were replaced infrequently and the lenses were typically purchased from eye care providers. These lenses were far more expensive than the soft, disposable lenses now favored by most lens wearers.
In today's world, the vast majority of Americans wearing " "cheapest contact" lenses" choose to wear soft cheapest contact lenses that require more frequent replacement schedules. These lenses are far less expensive than the old, hard lenses of the past. As a result, price, choice, and convenience have become extremely important to consumers. The ability of consumers to obtain a copy of their contact lens prescription then allows them to shop around for the best prices available. The result is increased competition and choice, and this only benefits consumers in terms of lower prices and greater selection.
The Contact Lens Rule (2004) has opened up a huge online contact lens replacement industry. Many of these online replacement lens companies offer exceptional pricing discounts compared to traditional lens sellers, not to mention choice and convenience when purchasing lenses.
Buying Cheap Contact Lenses Online
How does a consumer know if the prices available from one online retailer are better than those offered by another? There is one simple answer. Consumers must take the time comparison shopping on the Internet, just like they do from traditional sellers. In addition, some other variables beyond price should be considered by online shoppers prior to placing a contact lens order online. The steps outlined below will help any consumer interested in buying the cheapest brand name cheapest contact lenses online do so safely.
Step 1 - Compare Prices
Your contact lens prescription outlines the individual features required to meet your vision needs. There are many brands of cheapest contact lenses available. Find the lens type that meets your needs, and compare prices between the leading online lens sellers to find out what online store gives you the best price.
Step 2 - Find out the Real Price
Learning what online store offers the best price on the lenses themselves is only one step. The real price of your lenses also includes shipping. Many online stores offer excellent deals in terms of shipping. Find out if you can get free shipping by, for example, buying two pairs of lenses instead of one.
Step 3 - Assess the Online Storefront
Buying cheapest contact lenses online is no different than buying any other consumer good, whether online or from a traditional brick and mortar business. Assess the return policies, as well as customer service access. Any online retailer you buy lenses from should provide an operational toll free telephone number and address, along with clearly delineated customer service hours.
Step 4 - Website Security
Before placing an order for cheapest contact lenses or any other product online, ensure that the webpage you are on is secure. A secure website encrypts all the information you input before sending it across the Internet, thereby preventing others from accessing it. Consumers can easily check if they are on a secure website by viewing the small lock icon at the bottom right hand corner of their computer screen, or by viewing the website address itself. A secure webpage address starts with https:// as opposed to a regular webpage that doesn't include the s (http://). Only buy lenses from a secure website.
Step 5 - Check your Lenses
When your contact arrive at your door, make sure that they are the exact brand name you ordered. Every pair of cheapest contact lenses must be shipped with the manufacturer's patient information pamphlet. Accept no substitutes.
By following a few simple steps, consumers can be confident that they are buying brand name replacement cheapest contact lenses over the Internet at the cheapest prices available. Buying buy cheap contact lenses online can save consumers hundreds of dollars a year, with the benefit of increased convenience and choice of lenses. Be a wise contact lens consumer - buy online and reap the savings!

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Suicide: Not The Easy Way Out

Anyone who lives in this crazy world would surely encounter problems. It may be because of failed relationships, work, school, or other activities and engagement they have as part of everyday life. When confronted with such problems, people usually go to their friends or family for help and support. This is considered normal and healthy since every person needs someone to talk to especially during hard times. Unfortunately, there are some people who do not like to share their problems with others. They might think that they are not capable of solving the problem themselves, or they my be too embarrassed to share with others.Due to a cluttered mind, a person who does not share their feelings and thoughts with other people sometimes tend to stray away from them and keep things to themselves. This is dangerous if one thinks about it because such negative thoughts begin to build up and can pollute one's mind. In this case, people start to think about committing suicide so that they can be released from the problems and issues that have been bothering them for a long time. Suicide is basically taking one's own life as a means to find relief from problems, pressure, stress, fear, depression, and other negative thoughts and experiences. Based on recents statistics, at least 60,000 suicide attempts are made in Russia and 30,000 in the United States on a yearly basis.We cannot simply ignore people who are in a suicidal state of mind, most especially if they are close friends or members of our own family. Suicidal thoughts can be seen through the person's actions, how they interact with their family members, and how they respond to them. When one sees this, try to talk to the person involved. Try and make him or her talk to you since this could really help in expressing how they feel. As much as possible, do not confront or cause them any more stress or anger since negative words or thoughts could again trigger thoughts of committing suicide.Think of the person's emotional stability. Dedicate some time to makt that person feel loved. Maybe thoughts of suicide are just temporary because of the current situation that he or she might be facing. In those cases, it is important to listen to what they are trying to say or express for these little details can show their true and innermost feelings. It is also important to know what their interests are so that one can have the opportunity to steer their thoughts away from the act of taking their own life. If one sees that they simply cannot help their family member, it is also a good idea to get them into a therapy session. In these sessions, they can interact with a group whose members are also facing the same situation. Usually, the members of the group will be given chances to share their problems. From there they can see and realize that other people are also experiencing problems just like them. Through the guidance of a counselor, members of a therapy group can realize that there are solutions to their problems and that committing suicide is not an sensible option. Through therapy, people can cross over from an irrational state of mind on the brink of suicide, to a sense of renewed sense of hope and a determined attitide to face life's challenges.

Summary

A proper care and maintenance procedure will keep an autoclave in good condition and allow it to provide the highest standard of sterilization. The simple basic steps of running the autoclave and the understanding of how it sterilizes using the steam can go a long way to ensuring an autoclave functions to its optimum. These steps are discussed in this article.